“50 techniques that Morihei Ueshiba
taught that we know about with certainty!”


Morihiro Saito presents “Budo,” O-Sensei’s 1938 Technical Manual

In 1987, Morihiro Saito made a high-quality video in which he explained and demonstrated the 50 techniques of Morihei Ueshiba’s 1938 training manual titled “Budo.” Nothing like this had ever done before. Suddenly, the aikido world was taking notice of the fact that there were indeed historical records that documented the Founder’s technical evolution culminating in the birth of modern aikido. While certainly not a mainstream practice, serious aikidoka have in recent years been exploring the technical content of “Budo” to glean a better understanding of Morihei Ueshiba’s technical odyssey and the rationale for modern techniques.

Video created by Marius V featuring photos from the 1936 Noma
Dojo collection taken two years before the publication of “Budo.”

In addition to this seminal video, Saito Sensei later wrote a technical volume titled Takemusu Aikido Special Edition: “Budo.” This work expands upon the contents of O-Sensei’s “Budo” manual, covering the same material in book form. Saito Sensei’s manual takes you through the execution of O-Sensei’s techniques in detail with notes describing the evolution of the Founder’s thinking from the prewar to the postwar era. “Budo” the book, contains hundreds of photos of both O-Sensei and Saito Sensei that aid in understanding the technical material.

“Budo” by Morihiro Saito, the DVD…


Budo: Commentary on the 1938 Training Manual of Morihei Ueshiba. In this remarkable program, Morihiro Saito Sensei reads and demonstrates the fifty techniques of “Budo,” the rare training manual of Morihei Ueshiba O-Sensei published originally in 1938. This privately published book was compiled as a gift to a member of Japan’s Royal Family. It is the only book ever published that features the Founder personally demonstrating and explaining aikido techniques.

All of the techniques of “Budo” are presented and include taijutsu, aiki ken and jo, spear and bayonet exercises. The Founder’s art at this point in time is closely related to the Takemusu Aiki period of Iwama immediately following World War II. This presentation is intended as the companion to “Takemusu Aikido Special Edition” which covers the techniques of “Budo” in great depth in book form. These are the authentic techniques of aikido created by its Founder as demonstrated by one of his foremost students. Complete English voiceover of Japanese explanations of Saito Sensei by Stanley Pranin.

“Budo” by Morihiro Saito, the Book…


Takemusu Aikido Special Edition: “Budo” presents an historical overview of the Founder’s aikido techniques from the time of the mid-1930s through the Iwama period following World War II. It is based on technical material contained in the manual entitled “Budo” published in 1938 by Morihei Ueshiba supplemented by detailed commentary by Morihiro Saito Shihan. The technical material in this volume includes preparatory exercises, basic techniques, knife (tantodori), and sword-taking techniques (tachidori), sword vs. sword forms (ken tai ken), mock-bayonet (juken) techniques, and finishing exercises (shumatsu dosa).

The book “Budo” also features a fascinating essay by Aikido Journal Editor-in-chief Stanley Pranin on the history and background of the publication of Morihei Ueshiba’s prewar manual containing newly-discovered findings!


Editor’s Note • Introduction to Budo • Commentary on Budo

Kamae • Katatedori iriminage • Tai no henka (henko) • Katatedori kokyunage • Shumatsu dosa • Hiriki no yosei (Morotedori kokyuho) • Se no undo • Aiki no tanren (kokyunage) • Yokomen no tanren • Tsuki iriminage

Shomenuchi ikkyo omotewaza • Shomenuchi ikkyo urawaza ki no nagare • Shomenuchi kokyunage ki no nagare • Shomenuchi kotegaeshi ki no nagare • Shomenuchi nikyo urawaza • Shomenuchi sankyo urawaza

Yokomenuchi iriminage • Yokomenuchi shihonage • Yokomenuchi gokyo urawaza • Yokomenuchi nikyo urawaza • Yokomenuchi yonkyo omotewaza

Ryotedori shihonage omotewaza • Ryotedori shihonage urawaza • Ryotedori tenchinage ki no nagare

Ushiro eridori kokyunage (When Pulled) • Ushiro eridori katamewaza (When Pulled) • Ushiro eridori kokyunage (When Pushed) • Ushiro eridori kokyunage • Ushiro ryotedori kokyunage

Tachidori kotegaeshi • Ken shomenuchi • kokyunage • Tachidori kokyunage • Migi no henka • Hidari no henka • Yokomen Do Sayu no henka • Ken tai ken kote • Ken tai ken men 130 • Ken tai ken tsuki

Tanken tsuki kokyunage • Tankendori kotegaeshi • Tankendori gokyo urawaza

Juken • Yari
Juken tsuki kokyunage • Jukendori kokyunage • Juken tsuki rokkyo • Juken tsuki kokyunage • Juken tai juken • Yaridori kokyunage

Suwariwaza kokyuho 1 • Suwariwaza kokyuho 2 • Suwariwaza kokyuho 3 • Suwariwaza kokyuho 4


Who is Morihiro Saito?

Morihiro Saito, is a 9th degree black belt and author of the highly acclaimed technical series, Traditional Aikido. Saito Sensei enrolled as a student of aikido Founder Morihei Ueshiba in 1946. One of the art’s foremost technicians, he was the acknowledged authority on aikido weapons training. Saito Sensei operated Ueshiba’s private dojo in Iwama, Japan and served as guardian of the Aiki Shrine for over 30 years. He traveled extensively throughout the world teaching his comprehensive aikido methods during his long teaching career.



Aikido Journal has created a definitive set of 3 downloadable source materials that thoroughly document Morihei Ueshiba’s 1938 Training Manual titled “Budo.” This set includes (1) Morihiro Saito’s 43-minute video recreating all of the 50 techniques of “Budo” in high resolution, (2) Saito Sensei’s illustrated textbook titled “Budo: Commentary on Morihei Ueshiba’s 1938 Training Manual” in PDF format, and (3) a PDF facsimile copy of the original Japanese book. This special offer is available for the discounted price of $24.95.

For those who prefer to receive the physical editions of these products, we offer a hard copy of “Takemusu Aikido Special Edition – Commentary on Morihei Ueshiba’s 1938 Training Manual,” and Morihiro Saito Sensei’s “Budo” DVD, a detailed analysis of each of “Budo” 50 techniques. The set price for these two products shipped to you is $34.95.